Tuesday, 14 April 2015

White wines from the Languedoc do age

We had a bit of a crisis, when we arrived in the Languedoc as we discovered that we were in serious danger of running out of Blanquette de Limoux.  Happily that was  a problem that was easily solved, with a quick email to our friends Caryl and Jan Panman at Rives Blanques to arrange to drop in for a quick purchase.    But Caryl and Jan’s hospitality in the tasting room is such, that a quick drop is never works.  ‘We know you’d like some Blanquette, but you must try the Crémant too to make sure’.   We also wanted some white wine, so we checked out their Mauzac, with some dry honey and that characteristic bitter note of Mauzac.  I have always loved their Chenin Blanc, Dédicace, so we compared the 2012 and the 2011, and then Jan asked if we’d like to try the 2013, which they are not yet selling.  What a silly question.  Of course we would.  And we got to talking about how Chenin Blanc develops in bottle.  The 2011 has filled out beautifully, while the 2012 is still quite fresh and honeyed, and 2013 an awkward adolescent.  

And then Jan disappeared, to return with a dusty bottle of 2002 Dédicace, the Chenin Blanc of their very first vintage.   And what a treat it was.   If you need ammunition to prove that white wines from the Languedoc do age, this was it.   It is well known that Chenin Blanc ages well in the Loire Valley, so why not in Limoux too?     I could almost make a comparison with mature Chablis.  The colour was light golden, with no signs at all of oxidation.  There were notes of mousseron, lightly mushroomy notes on the nose that you also find in mature Chablis and the palate was very elegant with lots of nuances, with dry honey and balancing acidity.  It was a lovely mature glass of wine, on its plateau, but certainly not falling off it.   And extraordinary to think that it was a twelve year old white wine from the Languedoc.   

Friday, 10 April 2015

Villa Dondona with the Solicitors’ Wine Society

I had a fascinating evening the other day at The Solicitors’ Wine Society with Jo Lynch and André Suquet from Villa Dondona in  Montpeyroux.  Jo and André were presenting their wines, and I tagged along to add an extra commentary. 

We kicked off with:

2012 Cuvée Espérel, Coteaux du Languedoc Blanc.   -1100€
I’ve always had a soft spot for this wine, since the first vintage, the 2010, came out top in the Concours des Vins de la Vallée de l’Hérault.  It is a blend, mainly of Vermentino and Grenache Blanc, with a little Marsanne and Roussanne.  It always makes me think of the herbs of the garrigues, the crushed herbs of the Languedoc vineyards, with fennel, thyme and bay. It is delicate and fragrant, but not ethereal, with some fresh acidity and a long finish, and shows just how much the white wines of the Languedoc have improved.

2012 Chemin des Cayrades, IGP Hérault – 9.50€
A pure Carignan vinified by carbonic maceration.  A good deep young colour.  Nicely rustic red berry fruit on the nose, and on the palate ripe, rounded fruit, but with a tannic streak.  Kept in a vat so no wood.  Easy drinking.

Next we compared :

2011 Cuvée Dondona with 2011 Cuvée Oppidum

Cuvée Dondona  (12.00€) is a blend of Mourvèdre, Syrah and Grenache, kept in vat rather than barrel.  Good colour.  Lovely ripe fruit on nose and palate.  Supple and rounded with a tannic streak.  Very harmonious.  It was drinking beautifully.

Cuvée Oppidum  (21.00€) is a blend of Mourvèdre and Syrah which have been aged in barrel for a year.  Deep colour; a firm nose and on the palate a firm structure, with some vanilla notes from the oak.  Youthful and sturdy, with plenty of ageing potential.

Then 2010 Cuvée Dondona, which was described as a recalcitrant, more reticent vintage, with a much firmer nose, and a more closed palate, with some tannic structure and youthful fruit, and possibly more ageing potential than 2011.

Then we compared two 2008s., which again provided another fascinating comparison.

Cuvée Dondona was beginning to age, with a savoury note on the nose and quite an elegant palate, with a hint of orange.  Medium weight and alongside Cuvée Oppidum, it had less depth.  In contrast Cuvée Oppidum  (23.00€) had evolved beautifully.  It had a deeper colour and quite a structured palate, with a tannic streak but the palate was very harmonious and balanced.  A perfect example of the benefit of subtle oak ageing.

2006 Cuvée Dondona had quite a firm nose, with some maturing leathery notes on the palate, which was quite supple.  I think it had reached its plateau and would not benefit from further ageing.

On the other hand 2005 Cuvée Oppidum still had quite a rich nose, with some oak.  There was quite a savoury note on the palate, with a sturdy streak of tannin and some spicy fruit.  Lots of intriguing nuances, possibly with some further ageing potential, and certainly a splendid example of the ability of the wines of the Languedoc to develop in bottle. 2005 was only Jo and André’s second vintage and they had no idea that it would be so successful.  The solicitors were thrilled.

Friday, 27 March 2015

Gérard Bertrand on A South of France Experience: Wine, Moon and Stars

I have reservations about autobiographies, especially when written by someone who has hardly reached middle age.  The cover too is somewhat off-putting – there is no doubt that Gérard Bertrand is immensely photogenic, but the photograph on the cover of his recently published autobiography is un peu trop .....  Actually on second thoughts, autobiography is not really the best description of this book for it is more a series of essays on various aspects of Gérard’s life and work. 

And I have to say that I found the text surprisingly engaging.  It has been very competently translated from the French edition: Le Vin à la belle étoile, by Jane Anson, who is best known for her own writing on Bordeaux.   It cannot have been an easy task, as French wine writing tends towards more poetic flights of fancy than the steady down-to-earth Anglo-Saxon approach.   Some of Gérard’s descriptions would have worked beautifully in French, while in English they have a tendency to cloy.  However, that said, the core of the book is very interesting, and Gérard, himself comes over as a very committed personality, and  not only to his own highly successful wine business, but also to the whole region of the Languedoc.  He writes very fluently about his belief in biodynamic viticulture, citing an example of a struggling vineyard that was transformed by biodynamic methods.    

Gérard not only writes about wine, but also about his early career in rugby.   His father’s sudden death in a car accident obviously made a big impact on his future ambitions.  I actually met Georges Bertrand, probably not long before the accident, and remember him for a highly illuminating tasting, a vertical of early vintages of his Corbières at Domaine de Villemajou, with his first experiments with oak ageing.  Georges was one of the first wine growers of the Midi to put his wine in barrel, back in 1979.  It was a fascinating tasting, illustrating some of the recent history of the Languedoc.  

In conclusion, Wine, Moon & Stars is well worth reading.  Gérard’s experience of the Languedoc, as he has added more estates to his portfolio, covers not only the heart of the business at Château l’Hospitalet, but stretches to Château la Sauvageonne in the Terrasses du Larzac, and Domaine de l’Aigle in Limoux, as well as to La Livinière, the source of his newest wine, Clos d’Oro.  He gives his own personal insight into each of these estates and I certainly found that the book added an extra dimension to my appreciation and understanding of the many facets of the Languedoc.

Tuesday, 24 March 2015

Domaine du Joncas

I’ve blogged about Domaine du Joncas before but not for a while, and so the Independent Winegrowers tasting was a great opportunity for an update, on what to my mind is one of the rising stars of Montpeyroux.

2014 Mont Baudile, Blanc, Canta  – 19.00€
The grape variety is Riesling, which Pascal informed me has been allowed in the Languedoc since 2008.  He doesn’t know of anyone else making a pure Riesling.  Jean-Louis Denois at Domaine de l’Aigle in Limoux used to make a tiny quantity of Riesling back in the 1990s, but he fell foul of the powers that be of the INAO.  More recently I’ve only ever come across it as a very small part of a blend.   This is certainly intriguing, not your classic Riesling, but with some honeyed notes on the nose and palate, and good acidity, with a certain texture on the palate.

2013 Languedoc Rosé, Nèbla  – 9.00€
Grenache and Syrah.  Pressurage direct.  Quite a vivid colour with some fresh fruit on the nose.  Very intense raspberry fruit on the palate.  Ripe and vinous.

2013 Montpeyroux, Joia – 12.50€
Grenache, Syrah and Cinsaut.  Smokey lightly leathery nose. Quite a fresh ripe palate, with red fruit.  Medium weight and elegant.  A lovely glass of wine.

2013 Terrasses du Larzac, Nèbla – 10.00€
Mourvèdre is the main variety, with Syrah and Grenache.  One third of the wine goes into seven year old barrels.  It is sturdier than the Joia, with a hint of wood, with quite firm fruit, but again with the same elegance.  Nicely crafted.

2013 Terrasses du Larzac, Obra – 25€
A blend of Syrah and Grenache, aged in stainless steel tank, concrete egg and oak barrel, a small foudre.  Quite a firm nose, with ripe fruit, and supple tannins. Nicely structured and beautifully balanced.   Very satisfying. 

And talking of Montpeyroux – a diary date.   The open cellars day in the village is well worth a visit as all the wine growers take part and you can wander round the village glass in hand with a choice of some twenty cellars.  This year the date is Sunday 19th April.  See you there.

Monday, 16 March 2015

Domaine de l’Argenteille

I tasted one of Roger Jeanjean’s wines on the Terrasses du Larzac walk last summer and so the Independent Winegrowers tasting in London provided the opportunity to try the complete range.   Roger Jeanjean – and No, he is not related to the Jeanjean who are one of the largest producers of the Languedoc – has had a varied wine trade career.  He is a qualified oenologist and was director of the cooperative in the Hérault village of Gabian for a number of years and then set up his own négociant business, Millésime Sud, and then he inherited ten hectares of family vines that are situated between Jonquières and St. Saturnin.  So that was the moment to become a vigneron.  His range is en construction, as he put it.  He has pulled up some vines and bought some others.

2014 Languedoc Rosé – 7.00€
A blend of Mourvèdre 80% and Grenache 20% . Pressed grapes.  Light colour.  Fresh light dry fruit.  Nicely refreshing palate.

2014 Languedoc Rouge
A blend of Mourvèdre and Syrah,  Still in vat and intended for bottling in May.  Some attractive fruit on both nose and palate, but still rather adolescent, which is not surprising, but certainly with potential.

2013 Terrasses du Larzac Garric – 12.50€
30% each of Mourvèdre, Syrah and Carignan with 10% Grenache Noir.  20% aged in wood, so the nose is quite oaky and the wine needs to breathe.  The palate is quite solid and ripe with good tannins and a refreshing note that is so characteristic of the Terrasses du Larzac.

2012 Garric,
An identical blend, but quite a different vintage. Quite a firm rounded nose, and on the palate, medium weight, and quite fleshy with some acidity and tannin, and a satisfying balance.

2013 Terrasses du Larzac, les Roches des Fées
30% each of Grenache Noir and Carignan, with 40% Syrah.  A small percentage goes into wood.  This was a vat sample and will be bottled in May or June.  It was very rounded and ripe with a touch of vanilla.  A satisfyingly harmonious palate that promises well. 

I shall look forward to seeing how Roger’s wines develop and evolve. 

Tuesday, 10 March 2015

Domaine de l'Hortus

Domaine de l’Hortus was one of the pioneering estates of the Pic St. Loup and continues to make some delicious wines.  I had an opportunity to tasted the current releases at their importer’s tasting, Bancroft Wines, in London last month.

2014 Loup y es-tu Blanc, Val de Montferrand
A pure Muscat à petits grains, with lightly grapey fruit on the nose, and even more so on the palate, balanced with good acidity.  Very refreshing.

2013 Bergerie de l’Hortus Blanc, Val de Montferrand
An intriguing blend of Sauvignon Blanc, Sauvignon Gris, Viognier, Roussanne, Petit Manseng, Chardonnay and Muscat.  Quite a firm, fresh nose and on the palate lots of nuances, with fresh acidity and youthful fruit.   Very intriguing.  It will be fascinating to see how it develops with bottle age.

2013 Grand Cuvée Blanc, Val de Montferrand
A blend of Viognier, Sauvignon and Chardonnay.   Barrel aged, and indeed quite rich and oaky on the nose, with rich fruit, concentration and texture on the palate.  You can taste the peachy Viognier fruit on the finish. 

2013 Le Loup dans la Bergerie, Val de Montferrand
A blend of Grenache Noir, Syrah and Merlot.  The aim is easy drinking fruit, and that is just what they have achieved, with a fresh nose, and rounded red fruit on the palate, with a refreshing streak of tannin.

2012 Bergerie de l’Hortus Rouge, Pic St. Loup – 11.00€
Two thirds Syrah with Mourvèdre and Grenache.  Quite rounded but firm fruit on the nose, and on the palate, nicely understated red fruit with a firm backbone of youthful structure.   Élevage mainly in vat.

2012 Grande Cuvée Rouge, Pic St. Loup
The same blend as Bergerie, but with a stricter selection of grapes, given eighteen months ageing in barrel.  Quite firm and smoky on the nose, with youthful oaky fruit on the palate.   Should develop well in bottle. 

And last week Yves Orliac sent me a link to a short film that a friendly filmmaker has produced about the estate.   I thought I would share it with you, for some great views of the Pic St. Loup and the meticulous work of planting a vineyard, as well as the discussion that goes into blending a wine.  Personally I thought the film could have done with some severe editing, but it is one man’s view of one estate in the Pic St. Loup, as Yves explains below: 

« Nadim Zeraïa, franco algérien, photographe& cinéaste, parcoure depuis sa tendre enfance les bords la Méditerranée, d’Alger à Montpellier, appareil photo sur l’épaule.
Fils d’ingénieur agronome, Nadim s’intéresse depuis toujours au monde agricole et plus particulièrement au monde viticole.
Suite à une rencontre fortuite avec l’un d’entre nous, il a voulu porter un regard sur l’importance de la viticulture sur les hauteurs de l’arrière pays montpelliérain, à savoir le Pic Saint Loup.
Durant une année entière, 2014, il a suivi les travaux au Domaine de l’Hortus. Il nous a accompagnés dans notre quotidien. Sa présence, son regard nous ont enrichis et grâce à lui, nous avons mis des mots sur nos pratiques. Nous sommes heureux de vous présenter le fruit de son travail et la concrétisation d’une réflexion : bon film !!! »

A brief synopsis explains that Nadim Zeraia has spent his life around the Mediterranean with a camera to hand and is particularly interested in the world of wine, and wanted to explore the hinterland of Montpellier and the Pic St Loup.  So during 2014 he followed the work at Domaine de l’Hortus and this is the result. 

Thursday, 5 March 2015

Domaine Toupie

I have often enjoyed the vignerons independents tasting in Paris, but there is also a small version in London every year, which is good for a discovery or two, or an update.   So continuing the Roussillon theme of my previous post, but one, I was delighted to find Jérôme Collas from Domaine la Toupie at the tasting. His wine fared pretty well in Decanter's tasting, so unlike some of his confrères, he was not after my blood.  He explained how 2012 was his first vintage.  He is a trained oenologist, and used to work for the large cooperative, Mont Tauch in Tuchan, which once did so much to promote the wines of the Corbières, but has now fallen on hard times. Dominic George had already introduced me to one of Jérôme’s wines - see my post on Le Wine Shop from November. 

Jérôme has ten hectares, in four different plots, with quite different terroirs, with different soils, variations of limestone and schist,  and different aspects and altitudes, at Latour de France, in Maury behind Mas Amiel, dominated by the Cathar castle of Quéribus, and cooler vineyards at St Paul de Fenouillet, planted with Grenache Blanc, Syrah and Mourvèdre.  So it was a great opportunity to taste the range.

2014 Côtes Catalanes, Petit Salto
80% Grenache Gris, with Macabeu.  Aged in vat.  A pale colour, and quite a delicate nose with rounded white blossom on the palate.   Only recently bottled so needs to develop in bottle.

2013 Côtes du Roussillon blanc, Fine Fleur  – 10.00€
A blend of Grenache Gris, Macabeu and Carignan Blanc.  Spends six months in old wood.   Quite a firm stony nose, with some oak on the palate.  Rounded, textured and youthful.

2013 Côtes Catalanes Rosé Petit Frisson – 8.00€
Grenache Noir and Syrah.  Pressed juice and so a very pale delicate colour.  Delicate nose, but with more weight on the palate. Nicely balanced.

2013 Côtes du Roussillon Villages, Pirouette – 8.10€
A blend of Grenache, Mourvèdre and Syrah.  Carbonic maceration for the Syrah.  Quite a rounded ripe spicy nose and palate.  Warm but not heavy, with supple tannins.  Ripe and elegant, with a harmonious finish. 

2013 Côtes du Roussillon Villages, Quatuor – 10.00€
Grenache, Mourvèdre, Syrah and Carignan.  Medium colour.  Quite firm, slightly leathery nose, and on the palate.  A rounded finish.

2013 Côtes du Roussillon Villages, Volte Face 
33% Mourvèdre,, 25% each Carignan and Syrah and the balance Grenache Noir.  Aged in oak for nine months.  Quite firm and structured, with a youthful oaky palate.  Firm tannins and tight knit with plenty of future potential.

2013 Maury Sec, Sur Un Fil 
70% Grenache with 25% Syrah and 5% Mourvèdre.  Aged in vat rather than barrel.  Deep colour.  Quite a sturdy nose.  Ripe rounded fruit on the palate, balanced by a streak of tannin.  Sunny and supple. 

2013 Maury Blanc, Tertio – 8.00€
Pure Macabeu and 15.  Light colour.  A rounded honeyed nose, and a note of pears and more honey on the palate.  Perfect with Roquefort, suggested Jérôme.  I couldn’t disagree.

Tuesday, 17 February 2015

Biodynamic, Organic and Natural Winemaking by Britt & Per Karlsson.

The Languedoc is one of the fast growing areas for organic viticulture in France, so it seems highly appropriate to review the most recent addition to the growing literature on organic viticulture.  Britt and Per Karlsson are Swedish journalists who are based in Paris; the Swedish version of their book won ‘Best Wine book for Professionals 2012' in Sweden, and last year it was published in English.  

They say in the foreword ‘This book is not meant as an argument for organic (or biodynamic or natural wine production).  Instead we explain what all these concepts mean.’   And that is exactly what they do, and very useful it is too, written in a down to earth manner, with a very straightforward approach.  You may think that sounds rather dry but the text is beautifully lightened by some evocative photographs, including picturesque views of vineyards covered in wild flowers.

The contents page provides a succinct resumé. Farming Today covers the principal types of farming; there is a history of the development of organic viticulture and a survey as to how wide spread it is now – the Languedoc has 16,462 hectares, and that is growing.  They look at disease and pest control by natural means, and explain the steps a wine grower has to take to become organic.  And once I read the chapter on Biodynamic Wine Production, I understood the different preparations for the first time.  Work in the cellar is also considered, as well as additives and there is a useful chapter on labelling.  Natural wines are not ignored, nor is sustainable wine growing. And the book concludes with an overview of some of the environmental issues such as carbon dioxide emissions and packaging, and finally a couple of appendices of recommended wine growers.   There are other names that I could add in the Languedoc.

As Per and Britt say: ‘At the end of the day it is still the individual growers who decide what sort of wine they want to make’.  And they do not say which type of viticulture, organic, biodynamic, natural or sustainable is better.  ‘It is down to the wine growers themselves to convince us’.   And some of Britt and Per’s observations are convincing – and objective.  You cannot but notice that they are very level headed and unemotional about what can be a very emotive subject.   

Like so many wine books, it is not necessarily a book to sit down and read in one go.  However, it makes a very useful reference, providing a comprehensive overview.  I certainly felt that at the end of it I understood rather more about the subject than a few hours earlier.  .

Biodynamic, Organic and Natural winemaking
Britt and Per Karlsson
Floris Books – www.florisbooks.co.uk

Monday, 9 February 2015

Decanter's Roussillon Tasting - The Right of Reply

I was in Mexico for the second half of January so was blissfully unaware of the fallout from the results of Decanter's Roussillon tasting that were published in the magazine in early January, in the February issue.   It had not been a happy tasting.   I was one of three tasters, with fellow Master of Wine, Simon Field, who buys Roussillon, amongst other things, for Berry Bros & Rudd, and Simon Taylor, who set up Stone, Vine & Sun, a company which makes the south of France something of a speciality.  All three of us are therefore very enthusiastic about Roussillon, and had high expectations from the tasting.  But sadly these were simply not met. 

There were 82 wines in all, mainly Côtes du Roussillon and Côtes du Roussillon Villages, but also some Maury,  Collioure and Côtes Catalanes.  None achieved Outstanding status;  there were just five Highly Recommended wines, a large swathe of 47 Recommended wines, and a pretty large swathe of wines that registered merely Fair, including some of the big names of the region, such as Gauby, la Rectorie, Clos des Fées and Matassa. 

I had already been asked to write the introduction to the tasting.  I have always thought it a pity that Roussillon is so often always lumped with the Languedoc, when in fact it is so different.   Roussillon is Catalan.  It did not become part of France until 1659 with the treaty of the Pyrenees.  The viticultural history of the region is based on vin doux made from Grenache, and Grenache is still the principal grape variety of the region, though Syrah has grown in importance and you will also find venerable old Carignan vines, as well as Mourvèdre.   The terroir is a mosaic of soil types, with schist, limestone, clay .....and the sun shines.   There are a growing number of independent producers replacing the village cooperatives as the dominant force in the region.   To my mind the red wines are Roussillon are rich and warm, perhaps with more in common with Châteauneuf du Pape and Gigondas than with the neighbouring Languedoc.   Inevitably but not always they tend to quite high alcohol levels and 14.5  was pretty much the average amongst the wines at our tasting.

We were very shocked and very disappointed and at a loss to explain why the wines had shown so badly.   As the person asked to write the concluding expert summary, I was faced with the challenging task of finding some positive things to say.   I like the wines of Roussillon and in the past have greatly enjoyed other vintages of some of the wines that did not show well.   We all know that tastings notes are not carved in stone.  Tasters can have off days, and so can wines.   Taste buds can easily be influenced by the preceding wine, so that a blockbuster will overwhelm a more elegant wine.   Some believe in the biodynamic calendar and that fruit and flower days are better for tasting rather than root or leaf days.  Also climatic pressure and the prevailing wind can make a significant difference.  Pascal Dalier from Domaine Joncas in Montpeyroux asserts that a change in the barometer has more impact on how a wine tastes, than the change from a flower to a root day. I have not infrequently encountered a wine grower who has observed that their wines were not tasting well that particular day because of climatic pressure.   Another adverse  impact on wine flavour is how recently the wines were bottled.  The majority of the wines we tasted came from the tricky 2013 vintage, and had probably not been that long in bottle. I certainly found quite a few of them to be distinctly adolescent, but like most adolescents, with plenty of potential.

There was also a summary of our immediate impression, written by Christelle Guibert, Decanter's tasting director who was responsible for obtaining the wines in the first place.  Decanter had contacted individual wine growers through the CIVR, the Comité des Vins de Roussillon, the professional body of the region.   

Roussillon seems particularly upset that we said that the wines were not elegant.  I was quoted by Christelle as saying that you do not go to Roussillon for elegance, and that we should have been tasting full-bodied wines that would cheer you up enormously on a winter's day.  And I stand by that.  I do not choose Roussillon for delicate ethereal wines.  I want a punch of flavour, something rich, warming and spicy.  The wines are usually pretty high in alcohol but that does not mean that they are heavy or clumsy.  They should be in harmony, with enough fruit and flavour, and maybe some judicious oak ageing to balance the alcohol. 

I am not going to reiterate the individual results in the magazine.  And while I can appreciate and understand that individual producers might be upset that their wines fared badly in the tasting, they need to remember that it is just one result on one day.   You could well ask: what is the purpose of such tastings?   The newer wine regions tend to place great value on results in a blind wine tasting.  It can be a useful barometer for young wine growers to assess their wines among their peers.   But I also think that all blind tastings need to be taken with a large pinch of salt.  As I observed to Brigitte Verdaguer from Domaine de Rancy in Latour de France, after her Rivesaltes Ambré had won a trophy in Decanter’s world wine awards, you bought a lottery ticket by entering your wine for the competition and you won the jackpot.   Nobody likes to be criticized, but critics are essential in any field where something is presented to a discerning public, and their judgments are open to discussion, and that is healthy.   Life would be awfully boring if we all liked the same things.  I would have thought Roussillon mature and experienced enough a region to rise above the comments of three people in one magazine on one particular day. 

Decanter has conducted other tastings where the results have been equally damning for a particular region, but to my knowledge this is the first time that there had been such a collective outcry from the region in question.  Classed growth châteaux or champagne houses shrug off the blip in their reputations caused by an adverse tasting result, but to suggest as one grower did that the article was mean-spirited with a hidden agenda to show up Roussillon badly against the Languedoc is absolutely unfounded.  That was how the wines showed on the day, and our marks were remarkably consistent.  And I for one will carry on enjoying the wines of Roussillon.   And don't forget that all publicity is good publicity.   The tasting will probably prove to be a storm in a tea cup that may well have brought Roussillon to the attention of people who had previously paid it little attention.

And if you want to exercise your French,  the following two links - one newspaper article leads to a blog - offer some  entertainment value, but what jelly and porridge have to do with wine tasting, I am not quite sure.  We were accused of being old-fashioned in our view of Roussillon, but it is only too apparent that some people still have a very out-dated view of English food!.

And this is a more measured overview of Roussillon by my friend Sylvie Tonnaire in Terre des Vins:

Wednesday, 4 February 2015

Tasting for the new cru of Pézenas and Coté Mas.

I was invited to a tasting which was designed to show off the relatively new cru of Pézenas, and also to launch the wine that has been dreamt up by Jean-Claude Mas, a collective communal cuvée, to which several of the growers of Pézenas have contributed wine.   It is called Coté Mas, which is also the name of the restaurant outside Montagnac that showcases the Domaines Mas wines.  I am not really sure of the purpose of the communal cuvée, or whether it fulfilled its promise.  Altogether 42 producers have participated and the first vintage was 2012.  At this tasting the 2013 was on offer.  Coté Mas certainly provides an opportunity for Jean-Claude Mas to exercise his not inconsiderable talent as a marketeer.  However, the wine did not have the same appeal to my taste buds as several of the wines from the smaller, independent wine growers.   I found the oak very perfumed, with a dry palate.  A second taste of another bottle was curiously sweet and sour,  and a third bottle ( I did keep trying) was best of all, more balanced with some fresh spice.  I was concerned by the bottle variation.  It must also be said that tasting conditions were not ideal, as we were outside in front of the tourist office in Pézenas on quite a windy day.  Nor was there a tasting sheet, so in some instances I failed to note the vintage or blend of grape varieties for some of the other wines.   

One of the problems of Pézenas is that it really does not have a specific identity, unlike Faugères with its schist, or the Pic St. Loup with its distinctive peak, or the virtual island of la Clape.   It is quite simply an amalgam of villages around Pézenas, including Caux, Nizas, Magalas, Gabian, and others and the grape varieties are the usual Languedoc quintet.  There is no white Pézenas, nor indeed rosé.  The cru was recognized in 2007, for the 2006 vintage. .

Highlights at the tasting included:

A spicy Clos des Lièvres from Mas Gabriel

Domaine de Monplézy, with Plaisirs and Felicité; one oaked and one rich and warming.  

Domaine la Grange was offering Castalides, with some rich Syrah.

Domaine Nizas. La Réserve 2010 is half and half Mourvèdre and old Carignan, with a little Grenache.   It was quite rich and powerful

Domaine Magellan, a blend of equal parts of Syrah and Grenache, which was nicely rounded and balanced.

The joint coops of Alignan and Neffiès have a rounded supple wine, and la Marquise, a wine from the Pézenas had some soft easy fruit with a tannic streak.  Prince de Conti was firmer and sturdier, and Don Juan displayed some ripe oak.   The Pézenas coop is clearly working well for its cru.    The Fontès coop was doing well too, with Latude, a 90% Syrah, 10% Grenache blend, with some rich fruit and a tannic streak.

Domaine Stella Nova was showing three wines of which I really liked Quid Novi 2011, which is Carignan with a little Grenache. It had some rustic red berry fruit and a smoky note.   Very characterful

My friend Christine from Domaine Ste Cécile du Parc was showing her Notes d’Orphée, which is mainly Syrah with some dense ripe fruit and cedary note and she had also included her Cabernet Franc, Notes Franches, even though it is not Pézenas.  Lovely fruit with some supple tannins and a fleshy note.    Sonatina from her oldest vines is quite firm and structured.

2011 Cousu Main from Allegria is only available in magnums, a blend of 60% Mourvèdre and 40% Syrah, which was still quite tannic and youthful.

La Croix Vanel, Fine Amor 2013 has some fresh fruit, and benefited from no oak.   Ma non troppo is 93% Mourvèdre, with some firm smoky fruit and a fresh elegant finish.  Very stylish.

Villa Tempora was showing a range of 2011s.  Le Demon du Midi was quite sturdy, concentrated but with an elegant finish and some fresh fruit and l’Ange Vin was quite solid and dense and needed some bottle age.  A good note on which to finish.   But I really wasn’t really any the wiser as to the true character of the identité piscenoise.   

And I also tasted wines from Clos Roca, Domaine Bayelle, Domaine Pech Rome and Domaine Condamine Bertrand. 

Tuesday, 13 January 2015

A few days in the Languedoc, with Frédéric Brouca and Jean-Michel Alquier.

Our New Year visit to the Languedoc did not go quite as planned as I developed ‘flu the evening we arrived, and spent most of the following week in bed.  I have not had 'flu for nearly thirty years and had failed to realise the effect that a high temperature has on your taste buds, amongst other things.   I toyed with a glass of wine on New Year’s Eve, but without any enthusiasm, and it was a full week before my taste buds were behaving normally again – but then things began to look up, as I had some rather delicious bottles of  Faugères to check out. 

The wines of a new estate, with a first vintage in 2013, are just coming onto the market.  Look out for Domaine Frédéric Brouca.    He has made four quite distinctive cuvées.   

Samsó Seuille, Vin de France 13⁰ - 15€
A pure Cinsaut from a single vineyard La Serre, with forty year old organic bush vines.   Seventy percent whole bunch pressing and the wine has spent ten months on fine lees in a stainless steel tank.    For me it is absolutely classic Cinsaut.  I love the fresh cherry fruit on both nose and palate, with a light streak of tannin and some acidity, with a slightly leathery warm note on the finish.   It is fresh, youthful and fragrant.

Montée la Serre, Faugères 13.5⁰ - 20€
A blend of 40 per cent Syrah, 30 per cent Grenache, 25 per cent Carignan and 5 per cent Cinsaut.  Ten months élevage in two to four year old barrels. This was the wine I liked least, as there was a slightly reductive note on the nose.  However, the palate was better with a slightly warm dusty note, as well as some ripe red fruit and a streak of tannin, which was nicely integrated.

Les Champs Pentus, Faugères 13.5⁰ - 12€
40 per cent Syrah with 30 per cent each of Carignan and Grenache aged for ten months half in tank and half in foudres.   The nose was quite firm with some closed red fruit and on the palate there was depth and more tannin.  The palate was nicely fleshy, rounded and balanced, with a youthful peppery note. 

Clos Sauveplane, Faugères 13.5⁰ - 25€
From two isolated vineyards, on the eastern edge of the appellation, with 50 year old Mourvèdre, planted en echalas with a high density and 30 year old Syrah, aged for thirteen months in foudre.  Deep young colour.  Firm youthful sturdy nose, with some firm red fruit, and on the palate youthful and structure with firm tannins, and fresh red fruit, and an elegant finish.  The wine will develop well with some bottle age.

I also had some bottles from Jean-Michel Alquier to taste. Two went to dinner with friends in the village who produced a delicious tourte de la maisonette – their interpretation of a classic English dish that is a perfect foil for red wine on a chilly winter’s evening.

So with the cottage pie, we enjoyed a pair of Maison Jaune, which is 70 per cent Grenache, with 20 per cent Syrah and 10 per cent Mourvèdre.  The 2011 – 18.00€ - has some cherry spice on nose and palate.  It is medium weight, with a streak of tannin and a little pepper and lots of the ripe cherries, typical of Grenache.  Balanced and harmonious with understated warmth.

2006 was similar in colour, with a more open and rounded nose, and on the palate, it was ripe and warm, but not heavy, with a grip, and some slightly leathery notes, and some satisfying evolution.   Not so dissimilar to a Châteauneuf-du-Pape.

2012 Les Premieres,  14.00€ - drunk with some other friends the next day, is a blend of 50  per cent Syrah and 30 per cent Grenache with 20 per cent Mourvèdre.   Quite a deep young colour.   Quite rounded peppery spice on the nose and on the palate, quite ripe and rounded, with a peppery note and a youthful tannic streak.    Some ageing potential but also drinking nicely already.

2010 les Grandes Bastides d’Alquier
80 per cent Syrah with 15 per  cent Grenache and 5 per cent Mourvèdre.  Some forty year old vines.   This is a much more serious proposition, and at 50€ considerably more expensive.   Deep young colour.  Quite a firm dense peppery nose, and the palate riper and richer, with a hint of vanilla and oak, but nicely integrated and understated.  Layers of flavour; youthful with a firm tannic streak but already drinking nicely, or alternatively would age for several years. 

And then a deviation away from Faugères for 2012 Clos du Prieur which comes from the Orliac family who are better known for Domaine de l’Hortus in the Pic St. Loup.  Clos du Prieur is a Terrasses du Larzac, and very much off the beaten track in St. Jean de Buèges.   15.95€   Medium colour.  Quite fresh and peppery on the nose, with some rounded ripe cassis fruit balanced with a streak of acidity and attractive freshness, as well as some tannin.  Quite perfumed and youthful, and some body.  Drinking nicely already.

And a note of frivolity was provided by my friend Verena Wyss, with a bottle she brought to dinner with another friend in the village.   Vin de Fête, Blanc de Blancs, méthode traditionnelle .  In other words champagne method sparkling wine made from Viognier – 14.00€  I think this is the first time that I have had sparkling Viognier and it worked remarkably well, with a light colour and some soft creamy fruit on the nose, and on the palate soft and rounded and nicely textured.   Verena explained how she made the very first wine for her daughter’s wedding – I have heard about a long engagement in order to plan the wedding, but to give your mother enough time to make the wine..........  Lovely easy drinking and very celebratory. 

And next week I am off to Mexico for two weeks holiday so there will be a bit of a hiatus..... until the beginning of February. 

Tuesday, 23 December 2014

Château de Cesseras in the Minervois

Château de Cesseras won the Rhône varietal trophy  in Decanter magazine’s world wine awards for 2014.  So I was curious to go and visit.   Pierre-Andre Ournac and his nephew Guillaume gave us a friendly welcome.  Their oenologist was just finishing checking the first wines of the vintage, Pinot Noir and Chardonnay, and they were looking good.

This is an old family estate.  Pierre-André is the 7th generation at Cesseras, but no wine was put in bottle until 1989.  Pierre André studied law, leaving his brother to run the property, and when he returned to Cesseras in 1989, they decided to take their vines, mainly Aramon and Carignan out of the coop at Azilanet.  80 hectares of vineyards have been replanted, with eighteen different cépages.  They have 18 hectares of Minervois la Livinière, planted with Carignan, Grenache, Mourvèdre and Syrah, but no Cinsaut, as they find it very sensitive to eutypiose.   And for vins de pays, they have some eight different varieties, with apologies for a list, but it illustrates the diversity of the Languedoc – Alicante Bouschet, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Sangiovese, Petit Verdot, Marselan, Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, Chardonnay, Viognier, Marsanne, Muscat à petits grain and Durif – phew!  Pierre-André had a bit of trouble remembering them all – I’m not surprised.    He uses Pays d’Oc rather than a more individual and localised vin de pays, for marketing reasons.  Viognier is particularly important, and he also talked about the commercial significance of Pinot Noir. 

We had a look at the cellar – there are stainless steel vats and barrels from the Tonnelerie de Mercurey.  The vins de pays are sold under the name of Domaine Coudoulet and the Minervois under the Château de Cesseras label, as he uses the old cellars of the château for his barrels.   Coudoulet means galets roulées in Occitan.  Apparently the Perrin brothers of Château Beaucastel were not very happy about the name Coudoulet, but since its use in the region dates back to 1400, there was nothing they could do about it.    

Pierre-André's son, Olric, is doing a stage with Avignonesi in Montepulciano – this seems appropriate, seeing that they have Sangiovese.   'Il faut prévoir la suite' observed Pierre-André. 

2013 Viognier – 6.00€
Light colour. Lightly peachy, soft and rounded on he nose, with peachy fruit on the palate, but not much acidity. Quite fresh.  A simple vinification, with a little skin contact.   And they have a new system for clearing the juice;  Once the juice is pressed they inject a gelatine fining into the must and stir up some  nitrogen under pressure for two or three hours, so that the bourbes float to  the surface and can be run off, leaving clear juice.  It has the advantage that it is very quick and also economises on energy as you do not need to cool the juice to so low a temperature, and you lose less juice.  With classic débourbage you would have 10 hectolitres of bourbes to filter from a 100 hls of juice, but with this system it is only 2 or 3 hls. 

2013 Pinot Gris. – 6.00€
Who else has Pinot Gris in the Languedoc, I wondered.  Light colour and lightly mushroomy on the nose, and softly spicy.  Some varietal character.  Medium weight with nice texture.  They wanted something different,  rather than just another Chardonnay, and it complements the Pinot Noir nicely. 

2013 Sangiovese. – 6.00€
Élevage in wood.  this is  their second harvest of this variety.  They were inspired by a Sangiovese that they had tasted at the Seigneurie de Peyrat outside Pézenas.  I remember that Sangiovese from a couple of years ago, and delicious it was too.    Sangiovese is not officially authorised in the Languedoc, so they needed permission to plant it, which they did in 2006, without any planting subsidies, and then it was authorised the following year.   I really enjoyed the wine.  It had the classic ripe sour cherries of Sangiovese, some lovely fresh fruit, with supple tannins.  No great depth, or complexity, but would be delicious with a plate of pasta.  Pierre André observed that it was quite a productive variety. 

2013 Pinot Noir – 6.00€
Quite a light colour. Quite a firm nose.  A touch of liquorice. A bit of tannin.  Quite fresh.  You could drink it chilled.  Simple vinification. Pierre André observed that there is a big demand for Pinot Nor en vrac.  The négoce pay twice the price of Syrah for it.  Obviously something to do with Gallo’s Red Bicyclette cuvée

2013 Syrah – 6.00€
Élevage in vat.  Good colour.  Tapenade and black olives on the nose. Ripe rounded spicy fruit on the palate.  Medium weight, with supple tannins.  Classic Midi

And then onto Minervois :

2011 Minervois, Cuvée Olric   – 7.00€
40% Mourvèdre, 40% Carignan vinified by carbonic maceration  and 20% Syrah.  All in vat. For about twelve months.    Deep colour. Quite firm spice and tapenade on the nose.  Firm tannins and a sturdy tannic backbone.  A ripe mouthful..  Youthful with ageing potential.  14.5˚

2011 Minervois la Livinière – 15.00€
The trophy winner.  70% Syrah, with 10% each of Carignan, Grenache and Mourvèdre which were vinified by carbonic maceration, while the Syrah was given a classic vinification.  Pierre-André, on his oenologist’s advice, feels that carbonic  maceration rounds out the flavour.  Élevage in barrels for 60-70% of the blend for 12 months, and then blended with the vat component.  The wine then spends another 12 months in vat before bottling.

Medium colour. Quite fresh and peppery on the nose, with some black fruit.  And on the palate, rounded, rich and with ripe tannins and a firm backbone.  A lot of weight  and body, with depth and complexity and lots of nuances of flavour.  Supple and drinking well now, but with some ageing potential.  Rich and rounded.  1998 was the first vintage of this cuvée.

We talked about the future. Guillaume is wondering about other grape varieties, but is not sure what.  And maybe he would like another Minervois cuvée.  His uncle  observed, je suis vigneron avant tout.  I do my best with both vins de pays and Minervois.  The problem is the two  separate syndicats  who se tirent dans les pattes, or shoot themselves in the foot.  For  Pierre André it is the vins de pays that allowed them  to develop Minervois.  ‘And Minervois is a produit phare, a flagship,  of which we are very proud’.

Thursday, 18 December 2014

Domaine Puech-Haut

Domaine Puech Haut is just outside the attractive village of St. Drézery, with its friendly café.  You approach the property along a driveway lined with olive trees and lavender bushes, and at the end there is a stylish visitors’ area where anyone is welcome to pop in and taste.   And adjoining the cellar is a house that was built in 1991, but confusingly it looks at least a hundred years or so older as it is built from old materials.  From the visitors’ centre you can look down on the barrel cellar, including  a whole collection of barriques painted by various artists, some more well-known than others.   The first barrique was painted by Hervé de Rosa, and in return he received 150 bottles of wine.

Alain Asselin is director of oenotourisme and is a very articulate ambassador for the estate.   He explained that it was created by Gérard Bru in 1985, when Gérard decided to plant 25 hectares of vines, half red and half white.   The first wines were made in the mid-1990s. Gradually the estate has been extended to include 40 hectares in the Pic St. Loup, for which 1999 was the first vintage.   At St.  Drézery the vineyards are planted with Syrah, Grenache and Mourvèdre, on undulating hillsides, with vines of different ages, and differing yields and therefore different expressions of flavour.  Altogether there are 90 different plots, with one vat per plot, to enable a very detailed sélection parcellaire.    Michel Rolland used to consult here, but these days it is Philippe Cambié.  They have some concrete fermentation tanks, made in Italy, of a shape that I have never seen before, designed to keep the châpeau emerged during fermentation, so that you obtain better extraction. The bottom is square, with a tapered top.  Alain  described them as Le Rolls de la cave.   

For coopers they favour Damy in Meursault, Taransaud in Beaune and Seguin Moreau in Cognac, and they have barrels of varying ages for their wine.   Alain talked of the second revolution in winemaking, temperature control, and in particular the ability to cool things, which has changed everything, giving you complete control over your grapes and the fermentation.   As for the vineyards, the harvest was due to start the following week, the second week of September.  They carry out a green harvest in July and August, reducing the yield for the Syrah to 20 hl/ha.   

And then we tasted:

2013 La Closerie du Pic rosé– 14.50€
A blend of Cinsaut, Syrah and Grenache.  Light colour. Quite a fresh nose, but a touch amylic. Quite fresh raspberry fruit on the palate, but again an edge of amylic acid and bonbons anglais.   We had a conversation about translating acidulé into English,  my dictionary says: acid drops.  I prefer my rosé without acid drops.

2013 Tête de Belier rosé –  20.00€
The name of this rosé originates from a Roman sculpture of a ram or belier that was found in the vineyard.  And they have reproduced it to sit at the foot of several barrels.    98% Mourvèdre, and the other two per cent is a secret.  Quite rounded.  More solid than the previous wine, with firm acidity.  Quite sturdy and needs to fill out a little. 

2012 Prestige rouge, Coteaux du Languedoc , St. Drézery – 16.70€
St. Drézery fits into the Grès de Montpellier and the wine is equal parts Syrah and Grenache.  Medium colour.  Quite solid black fruit on nose and palate.  Oaky, vanilla and tapenade.  Some garrigue notes.  The wine spends six months in barrel, none new, but slightly toasted.   Medium weight.    38 hl/ha.  I felt the wine was still quite closed and needed to evolve in both bottle and glass.    

2012 Tête de Belier rouge – 26..60€
Two thirds Syrah, with some Grenache, Mourvèdre and Carignan.   The aim is un grand vin du Languedoc.  Young colour.  Quite ripe vanilla and some tapenade.  On the palate ripe fruit with supple tannins.  Quite sweet long fruit.  Quite a supple but gutsy rounded mouthful.  Élevage 18 months; two thirds new oak.  Ten years potential, and they are inevitably very proud of some pretty high marks from Mr. Parker.    For some reason the French expression : coute les yeux de la  tête came to mind.

2011 Clos du Pic, Pic St. Loup – 41.70€
24 months élevage in barrels- two thirds new and a blend of 60% Mourvèdre with Syrah. Quite a deep colour.  Chocolate on the nose.  Quite sweet dense and sturdy.  I thought of Pierre Clavel’s comment about opulent Pic St. Loup.  15˚.  Ripe sweet and dense and lacking in elegance.  All upfront and dominated by the oak. I wondered how it would age?

Asked about the tipicity of St. Drézery, Alain replied: There isn’t any.  St. Drézery has lots of galets roulées, but essentially it is a question of the style of individual vignerons.  He was rather vague about other wine growers in the area.   And M. Bru came here for family reasons, as it is close to his childhood home.

2011 le 40ème, St. Drézery – 88.00€
This cuvée has been made five times,- 2001, 2002, 2007, 2010 and 2011 so by no means every year.  A natural wine, with no added sulphur.  Crushed by foot.  One vat of handpicked grapes, producing 1500 – 1800 bottles à l’ancienne.  From one plot of Syrah and one plot of old Grenache, that are 65 years old vines.   Élevage of 24 months in new oak.  Fermented by carbonic maceration, which really surprised me as I had always assumed that carbonic maceration was used when you wanted to soften the tannins  rather than enhance the longevity of the wine.  Alain explained that they put whole grapes in the vat and then add carbon dioxide.  Quite a rounded palate, with ripe chocolate and vanilla and soft tannins.  Leaves a sweet taste.  15˚   They are aiming for fresh fruit;  I am not sure that they found it.

And asked about the typicity of the domaine, Alain replied 'chaleureux, aromatique, with a touch of elegance.  Wines with personality'.

And we finished our tasting with the white wines:

2013 Prestige – 16.70€
Vinified in vat.  80% Marsanne and 20% Roussanne.  Pale golden, quite rounded peachy nose, and on the palate quite full and textured with some acidity.  Fills the mouth.

2013 Tête de Belier – 14.50€

20% Viognier with 80% Grenache Blanc and a little Roussanne.  Vinified 'à la bourguignonne,'  in wood, with bâtonnage for eight months.  Quite golden.  Quite oaky.  Leesy oaky palate.  Textured with a dry finish.  Very Burgundian style so that the method masks any flavour of the grape varieties.   Youthful and textured.   14˚.

Sunday, 7 December 2014

Chateau Maris in Minervois la Livinière

Come and see my vegetal roof, or toit végétal  was an invitation, that I could not possibly refuse!    It came from Bertie Eden of Chateau Maris in the village of la Livinière.   He has built a brand new cellar on the outskirts of la Livinière  off  the road  to Caunes-Minervois.  Not only is the roof green, but the bricks are made of hemp straw and the whole cellar, apart from the concrete floor,  could be recycled.

Bertie talked about the bricks, made from the straw of hemp.  Building material in France must be authorised, so that their parameters are recognised, as to how much weight they can bear and so on.  Hemp is not, but wood is, so there had to be a wooden frame joining the bricks, which are made from straw mixed with lime, which is put in a mould and dried.   

The bricks are extraordinarily  light.   Ordinary straw is very similar to hemp straw, but with one big difference, hemp straw can breathe, so it redistributes air and consumes CO2, at the rate of 44 kilos per square metre per year.  Altogether there are 4000 square metres of wall.  And there is no temperature control in the cellar; that happen naturally.   The floor is concrete for reasons of hygiene and weight.   An alternative would have been lime, that that can crack, which would give problems with bacteria.     As for the vegetal roof, you buy it in rolls by the metre like a lawn.  And Bertie is also considering a vegetal covering for the outside walls. 

Bertie’s barrels come from a cooper in Burgundy, Grenier, which is a family business. It also made his  tronconique vats, equipped with a chapeau flottant, so that they have a dual purpose, for fermentation and for élevage.   And there are unlined cement vats, and concrete eggs.  Bertie had wanted concrete vats without metals supports, and the way to achieve that is with eggs.   He had  compared Grenache from a barrel and from an egg; and found the egg to be is more lively and fresher.

He was expecting to start the harvest the following day, 10th September, picking some Grenache to make rosé.  He has a good crop of Grenache, so this will be a first passage, leaving the rest of the grapes to ripen more for the red wine.   They were a week away from picking the first Syrah.  This was not  going to be a deckchair year, observed Bertie. They have already done a lot of leaf-plucking to aerate the grapes and they will need to do a lot of triage, first some in the vineyard and then again in the cellar.   The uncertain weather since will not have helped.

Bertie now has 47 hectares of vines all around La Livinière.  His first vintage here was 1997.  He has had vineyards in other parts of the Languedoc, but these days is just concentrating on the Minervois.   And when did you know that you wanted to be a winemaker?  When I got kicked out of school (the rather smart public school, Stowe)  for making beer.   He then went to Australia to work for Len Evans at Rothbury; spent time at Castello di Rampolla in Chianti Classico, and with Becky Wassermann in Burgundy and Christopher Canaan  and Spain.   And then he came to the point when he wanted to be his own boss and make his own wine.   He looked in the Languedoc and really liked what he saw in the Minervois.  La Livinière has a reputation for the quality of its Grenache, with some splendid  old vines.  Bertie’s vineyards range in altitude between 250 – 180 metres and he has been certified biodynamic since 2004. 

And now to taste:

2013 Grenache Gris. Vin de France -24.00€
Tasted from the barrels,  and fermented in wood.  Will be bottled after the harvest.   Quite rounded textured palate.  Some floral notes, elegant with good acidity.  Grenache Gris really is well adapted to the south.  Good length.

2012 La Touge, Minervois la Livinière  – 10<00 span="">
About to be bottled.  60% Syrah, 40% Grenache Noir, with a drop pf Carignan.  Mainly élevage in vat, but a small amount in foudre.  Deep colour; rich ripe nose.   Very supple tannins, silky tannins.  Rounded black fruit.  Yield about 38 hl/ha.

And when I asked about the tipicity of La Livinière, Bertie suggested that was a delicate subject, and a difficult question to answer.  Every vineyard is individual.   It depends on the wine grower.

2012 les Anciens, Minervois la Livinière   - 16.00€
Mainly Carignan  aged in 50 hl foudres for 15 months.  We enthused about Carignan.  'It is a noble variety here, and it can stand up to the seasons'.    This had the elegant rusticity that is the benchmark of good Carignan, with some firm red fruit.  Medium weight, and really quite elegant, especially for Carignan.  A delicious glass of wine.  Bertie is very enthusiastic about 2012 as a vintage; it is lighter and fresher than 2011, which was a very hot vintage. 

2012 las Combes, Minervois la Livinière  – 16.00€
Grenache is the dominant variety,  80 years old vines, élevage in 50 hls foudres and some concrete.  The nose was quite  closed, with a more open palate, with ripe cherry fruit, perfumed with an elegant tannic streak.

2010 las Combes, Minervois la Livinière
This has spent four years in an egg.  From the same vineyard as 2012 la Combes.  More open nose, rounded fruit, but a little dense, riper and more mature, with a leathery note on the finish.  2010 was a hotter vintage than 2012.  Essentially Bertie didn’t do anything to the wine, but  just let it happen, with no racking, and adding just a little SO2 at bottling.  He made 999 bottles, 199 magnums and 99 jeroboams, and is selling it at 100.00€ a bottle.  The idea was to aim high and produce something exceptional, and it certainly stood out, but maybe, perversely I prefer the 2012.

And we finished with a taste of 2012 Grenache Gris, which was bottled at the end of 2013.  Light golden.  Nicely nutty, with very good acidity.  Curiously it tasted more oaky than the 2013.  Structured with very good length.   And a great finale to a fine tasting, before clambering up a ladder to look at the toit vegetal, which needed watering.  It will certainly have had plenty since my visit.